Numerous of Bach’s works for keyboard were released in print in his own lifetime. 4 such publications were given the name Clavier-Übung (Keyboard Practice) by the author. Bach was not the first to utilize that name, for instance Bach’s Leipzig predecessor Johann Kuhnau had used it for two volumes published in the late 17th century. The very first volume, Bach’s Opus 1, was released in 1731, while the last was released a decade later on. The first, second and last volume contain music composed for harpsichord, while the 3rd was written for the organ, just 4 duets included in that volume winding up in the BWV 772– 994 range.
Modern authors have continued to draw motivation from Bach’s keyboard output. Dmitri Shostakovich, for example, composed his own set of Preludes and Fugues after the Bach model. Jazz musicians and authors, in particular, have been drawn to the contrapuntal design, harmonic growth and balanced expression of Bach’s compositions, specifically the works for keyboard.
Keyboard Works (Klavierwerke) by Johann Sebastian Bach typically describes the Nos. 772 to 994, Chapter 8 in the BWV brochure, listing structures for a solo keyboard instrument like the harpsichord or the clavichord. Despite the fact that organ is likewise a keyboard instrument, and that in Bach’s time the difference wasn’t always made whether a keyboard composition was for organ or another keyboard instrument, Wolfgang Schmieder ranged organ compositions in a different section of the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (Nos. 525-771). Likewise other structures for keyboard, like structures for lute-harpsichord and fortepiano were listed outside the “Klavierwerke” variety by Schmieder. Lute works are in the range 995– 1000, Chapter 9 in the BWV brochure.
|Composer:||Bach, Johann Sebastian|
|Opus/Catalogue Number:||BWV 911 ; BC L142|
|I-Catalogue Number:||IJB 629|
|Movements/Sections:||[No tempo] – 175 bars|
|Year/Date of Composition:||1714?|