The Boléro, Op. 19, is a short piano work written by Frédéric Chopin and released in 1834. It is among his lesser-known piano pieces, although it has been taped numerous times.
The overall key of the Boléro is difficult to establish. It was typically listed as Boléro in C major – A minor, as the work opens with three unison octaves in G (dominant chords of C major) in fortissimo, then a prolonged Intro in C major, transferring to A minor (relative minor) for the Boléro correct. It is interrupted by areas in A major, A-flat major and B-flat minor before going back to A minor. It ends triumphantly in A major (parallel major).
Classical Piano Music Sheet Bolero Op. 19 Piano Sheet Music Free PDF Download
The work was devoted to the Scottish-born but half-French Mademoiselle la Comtesse Émilie de Flahaut, then aged only 14, and a pupil of Chopin’s. She was later on to become Countess of Shelburne.The obvious motivation for the Boléro was Chopin’s relationship with the French soprano Pauline Viardot, whose father, the famed Spanish tenor Manuel García, had presented boleros to Paris by the time of Chopin’s arrival there. His biographer Frederick Niecks hypothesized that it was influenced by the Bolero in Daniel Auber’s La muette de Portici (1828 ). In spite of the seemingly Spanish flavour of the piece, it has actually been referred to as a polonaise in camouflage, or a boléro à la polonaise, as its rhythms are more redolent of the national dance of Chopin’s homeland than anything Spanish. It was written 5 years prior to Chopin first went to Spain (1838).
|Name Translations:||Boléro (Chopin); ボレロ (ショパン); Bolero (Chopin); Болеро; Bolero op. 19|
|Opus/Catalogue Number:||Op. 19|
|I-Catalogue Number:||IFC 11|
|Year/Date of Composition:||1833|
|First Publication:||11834 – Paris: Pleyel / Leipzig: C.F. Peters|
|Dedication:||A Mme. la Comtesse Émilie de Flahault|