It is generally agreed that the piano pieces of Frédéric Chopin altered the way the piano was played, not in the technical sense, as in the pieces of Liszt, however in the meaningful quality required by the pianist. The shorter works allowed Chopin to try out and to broaden his compositional abilities, creating a genuinely unique musical design. Perhaps the most unusual and private of the shorter piano pieces is the mazurka, which shows the combining of Chopin’s classical training in Paris and his patriotism for his native Poland. While retaining the taste and rhythm of the traditional Polish dances, the mazurkas also show the advanced melodic subtleties and the coloristic consistencies discovered in Chopin’s other compositional categories. The quick, intimate postcards from his homeland are maybe some of Chopin’s greatest contributions to the piano collection.
The mazurka collection of Opus 68, published posthumously, stimulates a really nationalistic taste throughout. The first mazurka contrasts outbursts of bold, patriotic chordal passages with lyrical, winding, melodic passages. The balanced energy drives the piece ahead, and the contrasting middle section, waltz-like in character, shows the growth of range and melody of Chopin’s later works. The second piece of the set, significant Lento, is warm and unhurried. Its introspective and reminiscent taste is contrasted by a more homophonic, chordal area with a rhythmically stable pulse. The mazurka is extremely ornamented and rhythmically intriguing. The 3rd piece in the collection stimulates a nationalistic feel, with its chordal texture interrupted by a short, winding, ascending melodic figure. The contrast between the two is that of a military fanfare and a rustic dance. The final mazurka is a lyrical and meaningful reflection, harmonically rich and loaded with melancholy.
Chopin Mazurkas Op. 68 Classical Piano Musical Sheet Free PDF Download
|Opus/Catalogue Number:||Op.68 (Posthumous)|
|I-Catalogue Number:||IFC 59|
|Year/Date of Composition:||1826-1849|
|First Publication:||1855 – Paris: J. Meissonnier fils / Berlin: Schlesinger|